Distribution 1881 Census (by County)

Below are maps created using Surname Atlas ver 1.10 by Archer Software (available to buy here)

Distribution of Name by County


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numbers per County

ID> County County Popn. Actual No. per 100,000 Banwell
21 Lancashire 3452947 1110 32 1.36
45 Yorkshire W.Riding 2177001 963 44 1.87
23 Lincolnshire 466531 607 130 5.49
24 Middlesex 2863658 584 20 0.86
35 Surrey 1437217 312 22 0.92
36 Sussex 491599 280 57 2.4
44 Yorkshire N.Riding 338890 270 80 3.36
20 Kent 977517 255 26 1.1
5 Cheshire 643781 206 32 1.35
16 Hertfordshire 200823 205 102 4.31
11 Co. Durham 866681 201 23 0.98
38 Warwickshire 735049 184 25 1.06
43 Yorkshire E.Riding 315693 183 58 2.45
37 Staffordshire 983523 167 17 0.72
28 Northamptonshire 274296 135 49 2.08
42 York 57257 108 189 7.96
41 Worcestershire 380475 97 25 1.08
1 Bedfordshire 151069 82 54 2.29
29 Nottinghamshire 393248 82 21 0.88
10 Dorset 191377 78 41 1.72
12 Essex 575602 74 13 0.54
9 Devon 606586 71 12 0.49
33 Suffolk 354789 70 20 0.83
32 Shropshire 251829 62 25 1.04
4 Cambridgeshire 184693 51 28 1.17
26 Northumberland 434014 48 11 0.47
39 Westmorland 64099 45 70 2.96
2 Buckinghamshire 176298 43 24 1.03
34 Somerset 468639 42 9 0.38
14 Hampshire 524534 41 8 0.33
86 Glamorgan 508604 40 8 0.33
15 Herefordshire 119421 36 30 1.27
27 Norfolk 448100 31 7 0.29
47 Angus 268865 31 12 0.49
8 Derbyshire 456663 28 6 0.26
13 Gloucestershire 570950 27 5 0.2
88 Montgomeryshire 66867 24 36 1.51
22 Leicestershire 323089 22 7 0.29
63 Lanarkshire 940436 22 2 0.1
3 Berkshire 218906 19 9 0.37
89 Monmouthshire 210768 17 8 0.34
30 Oxfordshire 180025 12 7 0.28
85 Flintshire 78927 12 15 0.64
31 Rutland 21417 10 47 1.97
17 Huntingdonshire 57837 9 16 0.66
90 Pembrokeshire 92738 9 10 0.41
19 Isle of Wight 73595 8 11 0.46
40 Wiltshire 257765 8 3 0.13
91 Radnorshire 23524 8 34 1.43
64 Midlothian 390188 7 2 0.08
49 Ayrshire 217950 6 3 0.12
46 Aberdeenshire 269390 5 2 0.08
25 City of London 51501 4 8 0.33
93 Guernsey 31575 4 13 0.53
6 Cornwall 330295 3 1 0.04
18 Isle of Man 54039 3 6 0.23
87 Merionethshire 53359 3 6 0.24
80 Breconshire 58289 2 3 0.14
7 Cumberland 250710 1 0 0.02
58 Fifeshire 172365 1 1 0.02
75 Stirlingshire 107177 1 1 0.04
81 Caernarvonshire 117872 1 1 0.04
84 Denbighshire 110321 1 1 0.04

 

Banwell Ratio

The Banwell Ratio is described in Colin Rogers, ‘The Surname Detective’ (1995) pp.21-22: “The aim is to obtain a figure for each surname within a specificed … area which will indicate how far it is above or below the number which you would expect from an even distribution”.

It can be calculated as follows:

  1. Let X be the number of occurrences of the surname in the selected county, divided by the total population of that county.
  2. Let Y be the total number of occurrences of the surname in the census, divided by the total census population.
  3. Then the Banwell number is X divided by Y.

 

 

 

 

For the Kent row in the table above (for the surname Waghorn), this gives:

X = 637 / 977,517 = 0.000652
Y = 1,169 / 29,833,812 = 0.0000392
Banwell = 0.000652 / 0.0000392 = 16.63

 

“The result will vary from 0.0 in areas which have no instances of that surname, through 0.5 (in areas where you find only half the number of surnames compared with the figure you would expect if they were spread evenly thoughout the population), 1.0 (average), 2.0 (twice the number expected from a random distribution), 3.0 (three times) and so on” (Rogers, p.22)

 

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